Context. Sustainable development depends largely on successfully integrating the environment into economic planning and decision making. This makes environment a part of the fifth pillar – Cross-Cutting Issues. Agenda for Transformation has as strategic objectives for this pillar the development and implementation of clear environmental policies and quality standards, in order to guide environmental management, and those include a National Plan for Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Economy. This all goes in line with the Millennium Development Goals, as one the main messages is the environmental sustainability of energy supply and consumption.

Rural Energy Master Plan. The present Rural Energy Master Plan plays a role on these Liberian strategic objectives, since the energy sector has major influence on the environment. A strong commitment to the environment was considered in aggressive targets for renewable generation until 2030 of more than 75%, influencing the penetration of renewable and sustainable energy sources, such as hydropower plants, solar photovoltaic panels and biomass generation units. For example, off-grid solutions contain PV systems, which provide green electricity, not polluting the environment and not needing any fuel.

Diesel and Biomass. Additionally, diesel and biomass generation units for mini-grids were analyzed. Using biomass instead of diesel represents a strong decrease in the emissions of carbon and other pollutants, reducing the environmental impact of electricity generation and also its impact on human health. Moreover, using biomass resources for electricity generation may contribute to the reduction of residues that could damage the environment, especially when considering waste and urban resources. Despite this, a sustainable use of biomass resources is vital, as deforestation remains an issue in Liberia.

Cook stoves. Finally, by using efficient cook stoves and other devices, Liberians can substantially decrease the amount of resources spent in cooking activities, as well as lighting and heating, which contributes positively to the environment.